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[Alghero] The Palmavera nuragic village

The nuragic civilisation was born in Sardinia around 15th century BC and spread all over the island. This civilisation is considered to be pre-historical as yet a written document has never been found, even if the remains and the degree of civilisation achieved, could let us believe otherwise.
We need to differentiate between the simple “nuraghe” and the “nuragic village”. The first is today considered a watching tower; the second a temple/house of the tribe’s chief evolved into a fortress. Due mainly to the defensive needs of the local population which was continuosly threatened by the sailing civilisations crossing the Mediterranean sea at the time.


The exploration of this archeological site allows the visitor to view the most explicatives and meaningful remains of the nuragic civilisation. The complex is formed by an ancient tower (keep) to which subsequently a bastion was added enclosing a second tower, an open courtyard giving access to the upper levels and a corridor with niches. This construction is surrounded by a barbican - clustered by three tower-huts and the so called “Meeting Hut”- to which the village’s huts are distributed.
In this particular village the barbican seems to have been constructed not for defensive purposes but to distinguish who lived inside the wall - the head of the tribe and his court- from the rest of th population. The enclosure of the Meeting Hut inside the barbican is further proof of the will to separate the civil-religious powers from the rest of the community. The village extends predominantly towards West and South- over the road.

The excavations have brought to light around 50 huts - between living spaces and workshops-, but on the basis of the presumed extension, the nuragic village of Palmavera can be valued in 150-200 huts predominantly built with a circular stone base and with a thatched roof, very similar to today’s “pinnetas” (shepherd’s huts). The most significant hut in the village is the Meeting Hut, in which numerous important cultural elements have been found confirming its destination as public place.
On the basis of the elements found, we can recognise inside the village three different construction phases.

PHASE I (1500-1000 BC)

This is characterised by the construction of the keep within which the first core of huts was built. This construction phase is characterised by the use of limestone.

The keep was partially rebuilt and strengthened, and the bastion and “Meeting Hut” were built. This phase is characterised by the use of sandstone.

PHASE III (900-800 BC)
The bastion is partially restored, and a large number of huts and the barbican are built, considerably increasing the size of the village.



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